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Floating house or houseboat is a floating object that is designed for use as a house on the water. If special requirements are met, it is allowed to form multihull complexes with free passages between the blocks of a set.
Floating houses are specially designed houses, placed instead of the foundation on a floating platform - pontoon, made of one or more different materials (wood, iron, concrete).
Some houseboats do not have a motor, as they are usually moored, anchored in a certain place or connected to the shore to connect the vessel to the electricity and water supply. Мany other houseboats are equipped with modern boat motors, autonomous power supply system and are able to make long cruises.
The popularity of houseboats leads to the formation of small settlements, where the group of residential complexes on the water form a community, with bridges connecting floating houses to each other and to the shore, with telephone, Internet, electricity, water and sewage.
Maintenance will cost 30-40 thousand rubles per month on average per year. This amount includes: parking in the marina, provision of electricity (without a meter, which is very profitable), connection to the water supply, security. Maintenance of engineering systems costs about 15-20 thousand rubles a year.
There are no permits or fees to move on inland waterways and sluices. You need a license to operate a small vessel of GIMS to operate a houseboat. It's very easy to obtain yourself or you can hire a captain for one-time trips.
A houseboat up to 20 meters long is considered a small vessel and is a vehicle. Tax is paid as a car. It depends on the engine power. For example, tax will be only 15 thousands rubles a year for 150 hp. The houseboat is registered in the State Automobile and Road Safety Inspectorate (GIMS). Ownership is confirmed by the boat ticket. There is the possibility of shared ownership, credit or leasing.